What is SCALE?

The School Counseling Analysis, Leadership and Evaluation (SCALE) Research Center is an interactive tool focusing on the facilitation and dissemination of school counseling research evidence-based practices demonstrating the connection between comprehensive and developmental school counseling programs and student success.

The SCALE Research Center is developed and maintained by the American School Counselor Association (ASCA). ASCA empowers school counselors with the knowledge, skills, linkages and resources to promote student success in the school, the home, the community and the world.

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Latest Research

Examining the Relationship Between Self-Esteem, Mattering, School Connectedness, and Wellness Among Middle School Students

November 1, 2017 Practitioner Summary

In this study, data were collected from 254 middle grades (5-8) students enrolled in a rural southern school district to determine the influence variables such as self-esteem, mattering, and school connectedness have on these students’ perceived sense of overall wellness....

Beyond School Records: The Value of Cognitive and Affective Engagement in Predicting Dropout and On-Time Graduation

November 1, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Growing attention toward on-time graduation and college/career readiness in recent years has resulted in increased efforts to identify and intervene as soon as possible with students who are falling off track. To identify students who need intervention and monitoring, counselors...

The Elementary School Counselor's Voice in Counseling Transracially Adopted Students

October 5, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The researchers set out to understand how elementary school counselors are providing culturally sensitive school-based services to students who are adopted transracially (SATr). Since little is known about this population in the elementary school setting from the perspective of the...

Student Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: A Protocol for School Counselors

October 3, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Self-injury is seemingly an increasing phenomenon, and school counselors are more frequently called upon to address self-injury related behaviors. Despite a need to systemically address student self-injury, only a minority of school counseling programs have a self-injury policy in place....

Effect of a Specialized Classroom Counseling Intervention on Increasing Self-Efficacy Among First-Grade Rural Students

September 20, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Elementary school counselors have the opportunity to use interventions and activities that optimize the distinct academic, career, and personal-social developmental needs of their students at the outset of their academic endeavors. Promoting and assessing self-efficacy and its facets is a...

Revealing School Counselors' Perspectives on Using Physical Activity and Consulting with Coaches

September 15, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Revealing School Counselors' Perspectives on Using Physical Activity and Consulting with Coaches (Featured Research) This study reveals school counselors’ perspectives on using physical activity and a consultative process with coaches to provide school-based support for youth. Emerging from this exploration is...