What is SCALE?

The School Counseling Analysis, Leadership and Evaluation (SCALE) Research Center is an interactive tool focusing on the facilitation and dissemination of school counseling research evidence-based practices demonstrating the connection between comprehensive and developmental school counseling programs and student success.

The SCALE Research Center is developed and maintained by the American School Counselor Association (ASCA). ASCA empowers school counselors with the knowledge, skills, linkages and resources to promote student success in the school, the home, the community and the world.

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Latest Research

Making the Case for Universal School-Based Mental Health Screening

August 3, 2017 Research Brief

Introduction Most children and young people who experience significant mental health difficulties do not access the support that they need (Dvorsky, Girio-Herrera & Owens, 2014; Kelvin, 2014). This is at least in part due to the predominance of two flawed approaches...

Gender and Ethnic Bias in Letters of Recommendation: Considerations for School Counselors

August 2, 2017 Practitioner Summary

School counselors write letters of recommendation for students pursuing postsecondary education and help teachers and staff prepare for this task. Although letters of recommendation may impact admission and scholarships opportunities, research about equity and bias in letters is minimal as...

Evaluation of a Brief, School-Based Bullying Bystander Intervention for Elementary Students

July 14, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to extend the literature by evaluating a brief, school-based bystander program in an elementary school setting. Students participating in the STAC program, which stands for “stealing the show,” “turning it over,” “accompanying others,” and...

An Examination of Factors that Relate to School Counselors' Knowledge and Skills in Multi-Tiered Systems of Support

July 13, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The results of this study confirm that a beneficial relationship exists between American School Counselor (ASCA) aligned activities and Multi-tiered Systems of Support (MTSS). Results indicate that more time spent on ASCA aligned activities predicted more knowledge and skills of...

Advocacy Competency of School Counselors: An Exploratory Factor Analysis

July 12, 2017 Practitioner Summary

  As students with marginalized identities diversify the United States, school counselors face more challenges requiring their advocacy efforts. Using social justice and advocacy research as a guide, the researchers purport that students in k-12 settings who are experiencing marginalization need...

Data and Research that Matter: Four Action Research Studies from the Field

January 17, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Data and research serve as powerful advocacy tools in highlighting the effectiveness of school counselors and school counseling programs. However, effective interventions are only known in the field if school counselors make efforts to share, present and publish their work....