What is SCALE?

The School Counseling Analysis, Leadership and Evaluation (SCALE) Research Center is an interactive tool focusing on the facilitation and dissemination of school counseling research evidence-based practices demonstrating the connection between comprehensive and developmental school counseling programs and student success.

The SCALE Research Center is developed and maintained by the American School Counselor Association (ASCA). ASCA empowers school counselors with the knowledge, skills, linkages and resources to promote student success in the school, the home, the community and the world.

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Latest Research

Spotlighting Stigma and Barriers: Examining Secondary Students’ Attitudes toward School Counseling Services

November 16, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Despite the proven effectiveness of counseling for middle school and high school students, research has also identified a consistent reluctance on the part of many adolescents to seek and accept therapeutic help (e.g., Chandra & Minkovitz, 2006; Del Mauro &...

2017 ASCA Grants Project: A Study to Measure the Impact of School Counselor Ratios on Student Outcomes

November 13, 2018 Research Brief

Executive Summary--Preliminary Results Data from two states in the Northeast are being used as the basis for this correlational study (Connecticut and New York). This work is replicating the analysis completed by the investigators in Indiana, which is supporting optimal student...

Developing a Comprehensive School Suicide Prevention Program

October 24, 2018 Practitioner Summary

In this manuscript, the authors offer school counselors four types of research-supported suicide prevention programs, as well as a common standard for the development of an effective comprehensive school suicide prevention program using a five-step process, and frames these approaches...

Transformative School Counselor Leadership: An Intrinsic Case Study

October 22, 2018 Practitioner Summary

This case study explored the dynamics of a professional development opportunity designed to support school counselors’ transformative leadership practices as equity-centered change agents. Throughout the professional development, participants reflected on their individual and collective identities in relation to the populations...

2017 ASCA Grants Project: Do RAMP Schools Promote More Informed College Decision Making Than Non-RAMP Schools?

October 8, 2018 Research Brief

Executive Summary This study sought to answer the following research questions: Do graduating 12th graders attending schools with lower counselor-to-student ratios engage in a wider and more in-depth range of college counseling learning activities? Do graduating 12th graders attending schools that have more...

Remixing the School Counselor’s Tool Kit: Hip-Hop Spoken Word Therapy and YPAR

October 5, 2018 Practitioner Summary

In the 1970s, hip hop culture arose as a mechanism for speaking up about the challenging conditions faced by many minority groups, often due to the absence of resources in education and mental health in those communities (Chang, 2005). Building...