Practitioner Summaries

The following are summaries of research published in ASCA's Professional School Counseling journal. Read the highlights here and visit www.professionalschoolcounseling.org for the full text. Use the search function to search summaries by topic area.


Improved Attitude and Achievement: A Case Study of an Elementary School Academic Advisement Intervention

May 8, 2018 Practitioner Summary

This article presents a case study of one urban elementary school where a school counselor conducted a small group academic advisement intervention. The school was identified as one of the lowest performing elementary schools in its district. The school counselor was charged with developing a six-week intervention that included detailed small group lessons supported by individual planning, including appraisal and advisement, designed to improve student academic success. The intervention involved...

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Impact of a Growth Mindset Intervention on Academic Performance of Students at Two Urban High Schools

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors are charged with helping students develop academic skills and the necessary mindsets and behaviors to bolster those academic skills. Academic skills are measured by academic performance. Developing a growth mindset has been shown to improve academic performance. In previous studies, academic performance has been defined as a grade in middle-school mathematics, college credit completion, passing grades in high school classes, and math course completion for community college students....

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The Hand of Professional School Counseling Meets the Glove of Restorative Practices: A Call to the Profession

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

While the field of school counseling has dutifully taken up the disposition of advocating for, and being more responsive to, students from traditionally undervalued groups, it has yet to call attention to perhaps the most pernicious and egregious systemic impediment to student success, that being the model of zero tolerance punitive discipline that dominates U.S. schools. Over the past 30 years, zero tolerance discipline measures have become widespread. Zero tolerance...

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Student Happiness, School Climate, and School Improvement Plans: Implications for School Counseling Practice

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Aligned with a more holistic perspective of wellness, the authors advocate for the inclusion of student subjective well-being (SWB) as part of school climate assessment within school improvement plans (SIPs). Relevant theory and research are presented demonstrating the relationship between student perceptions of school climate and students’ SWB. Within the context of school improvement planning/assessment and counselor program accountability, school counselor recommendations for evidence-based practice are provided. More specifically, this article...

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Leadership Practices Linked to Involvement in School–Family–Community Partnerships: A National Study

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between involvement in school-family-community partnerships and school counselor leadership dimensions, along with previously identified school and school counselor factors in studies of school counselor partnership involvement. This study utilized the School Counselor Leadership Survey [SCLS] (Young & Bryan, 2015) to measure the leadership practices and the School Counselor Involvement in Partnerships Survey [SCIPS] (Bryan & Holcomb-McCoy, 2007; Bryan & Griffin,...

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Contextual Predictors of Vocational Hope in Ethnic Minority, Low-Income Youth

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors are key agents in helping youth develop plans for life beyond high school, specifically with respect to future career guidance (ASCA, 2012). However, achieving career goals can be dependent on students' privilege and position within society (Diemer & Blustein, 2007). Some of the factors related to students' vocational expectations are examined in the research on future orientation, hope, and perceptions of control. These factors are important to examine...

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School Counselor Sexual Minority Advocacy Competence Scale (SCSMACS): Development, Validity, and Reliability

April 5, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The School Counselor Sexual Minority Advocacy Competency Scale (SCSMACS) is a measure with three subscales used to train school counselors about advocating for and with sexual minority students. Higher subscale and composite scores on the SCSMACS are indicative of higher levels of school counselor sexual minority advocacy competence, one’s ability to help sexual minority students in their respective school settings. As such, the SCSMACS is an administrative self-assessment tool used...

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“Do Whatever you Can to Try to Support that Kid”: School Counselors’ Experiences Addressing Student Homelessness

March 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Students experiencing homelessness face basic, emotional, and academic needs that impact their education (Havlik, Brady, & Gavin, 2014). To address these needs, school counselors can build systemic interventions that draw upon the strengths of the school, family, and community in order to coordinate resources (Bryan & Henry, 2008) and to increase knowledge and awareness of resources and support systems available (ASCA, 2010; Gaenzle, 2012). Critical to supporting students experiencing homelessness...

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Counseling in the Gentrified Neighborhood: What School Counselors Should Know

February 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Gentrification is a process by which low-income, and/or socially marginalized neighborhoods within urban areas are transformed for middle-class residential use (DeSena & Ansalone, 2009). This process can result in reduced availability and increased cost of housing along with a rise in living expenses (Martin, 2008). As gentrification affects communities across the United States, schools must respond to the changes that occur to students and their families and school counselors can...

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The Impact of the School Counselor Supervision Model on the Self-Efficacy of School Counselor Site Supervisors

February 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

According to researchers and authors, school counselors are often faced with limited resources and ongoing support in professional development and in assisting their building populations (Griffin & Farris, 2010; Grimes et al., 2013). Coordinating resources and generating ideas through effective collaboration via a school counselor leadership team has shown much promise (Gysbers, 2006; Young & Bryan, 2015). Therefore, practitioners and stakeholders may find it beneficial to gain insight into the...

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