Practitioner Summaries

The following are summaries of research published in ASCA's Professional School Counseling journal. Read the highlights here and visit www.professionalschoolcounseling.org for the full text. Use the search function to search summaries by topic area.

School Counselors’ Perceived Stress, Burnout, and Job Satisfaction

June 11, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors work in a rewarding yet physically and emotionally demanding field that potentially leads to experiences of stress, burnout, and job dissatisfaction. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among perceived stress, burnout, and job dissatisfaction...

Protective Factors for Mental Health Concerns in Urban Middle School Students: The Moderating Effect of School Connectedness

June 6, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The ASCA National Model (American School Counselor Association, 2012) has advocated the role of school counselors and specified that school counselors should “ensure equitable access to a rigorous education for all students” (p. xii). The promising picture of the ASCA...

Serving Children of Incarcerated Parents: A Case Study of School Counselors’ Experiences

June 6, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors may provide services to children of incarcerated parents (CIP); however, little is known about the work of school counselors with this group of students. This research study used an instrumental case study design to consider the experiences of...

Establishing School Counselors as Leaders in Bullying Curriculum Delivery: Evaluation of a Brief, School-Wide Bystander Intervention

May 29, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to extend the literature by evaluating the STAC program as a brief, school-wide counselor-delivered intervention at the elementary school level. The school counselor at one elementary school delivered the STAC program, which stands for...

Predicting School Counselors’ Supports and Challenges When Implementing the ASCA National Model

May 29, 2018 Practitioner Summary

There is evidence to support the positive impact of Comprehensive School Counseling Programs (CSCP) and student success (Lapan, 2012) and the relationship between leadership practices and school counseling program implementation (Mason, 2010). Despite the benefits of implementing CSCPs, there is...

Promoting School Adjustment for English-Language Learners Through Group Work

May 29, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of the current study was to foster school adjustment and improve academic achievement for recently immigrated middle school ESL students using the Achieving Success Everyday Group Counseling Model (ASE Model) (Steen, Henfield, & Booker, 2014) as an intervention....

Working Beyond the Bell: School Counselors and Workaholism Tendencies

May 29, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the work habits, personality, and satisfaction of life within a sample of professional school counselors. Specifically, personality and demographic variables (gender, ethnicity, age, partner, and parental status) contributing to workaholism and its...

What Do African American Ninth Graders Discuss During Individual School Counseling Sessions? A National Study

May 28, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) recommends that school counselors spend 80 percent or more of their time in direct and indirect services to students. Direct services are those in-person interactions between school counselors and students, including core curriculum, individual...

Improved Attitude and Achievement: A Case Study of an Elementary School Academic Advisement Intervention

May 8, 2018 Practitioner Summary

This article presents a case study of one urban elementary school where a school counselor conducted a small group academic advisement intervention. The school was identified as one of the lowest performing elementary schools in its district. The school counselor...

Impact of a Growth Mindset Intervention on Academic Performance of Students at Two Urban High Schools

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors are charged with helping students develop academic skills and the necessary mindsets and behaviors to bolster those academic skills. Academic skills are measured by academic performance. Developing a growth mindset has been shown to improve academic performance. In...

The Hand of Professional School Counseling Meets the Glove of Restorative Practices: A Call to the Profession

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

While the field of school counseling has dutifully taken up the disposition of advocating for, and being more responsive to, students from traditionally undervalued groups, it has yet to call attention to perhaps the most pernicious and egregious systemic impediment...

Student Happiness, School Climate, and School Improvement Plans: Implications for School Counseling Practice

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Aligned with a more holistic perspective of wellness, the authors advocate for the inclusion of student subjective well-being (SWB) as part of school climate assessment within school improvement plans (SIPs). Relevant theory and research are presented demonstrating the relationship between...

Leadership Practices Linked to Involvement in School–Family–Community Partnerships: A National Study

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between involvement in school-family-community partnerships and school counselor leadership dimensions, along with previously identified school and school counselor factors in studies of school counselor partnership involvement. This study utilized the...

Contextual Predictors of Vocational Hope in Ethnic Minority, Low-Income Youth

April 20, 2018 Practitioner Summary

School counselors are key agents in helping youth develop plans for life beyond high school, specifically with respect to future career guidance (ASCA, 2012). However, achieving career goals can be dependent on students' privilege and position within society (Diemer &...

School Counselor Sexual Minority Advocacy Competence Scale (SCSMACS): Development, Validity, and Reliability

April 5, 2018 Practitioner Summary

The School Counselor Sexual Minority Advocacy Competency Scale (SCSMACS) is a measure with three subscales used to train school counselors about advocating for and with sexual minority students. Higher subscale and composite scores on the SCSMACS are indicative of higher...

“Do Whatever you Can to Try to Support that Kid”: School Counselors’ Experiences Addressing Student Homelessness

March 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Students experiencing homelessness face basic, emotional, and academic needs that impact their education (Havlik, Brady, & Gavin, 2014). To address these needs, school counselors can build systemic interventions that draw upon the strengths of the school, family, and community in...

Counseling in the Gentrified Neighborhood: What School Counselors Should Know

February 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

Gentrification is a process by which low-income, and/or socially marginalized neighborhoods within urban areas are transformed for middle-class residential use (DeSena & Ansalone, 2009). This process can result in reduced availability and increased cost of housing along with a rise...

The Impact of the School Counselor Supervision Model on the Self-Efficacy of School Counselor Site Supervisors

February 14, 2018 Practitioner Summary

According to researchers and authors, school counselors are often faced with limited resources and ongoing support in professional development and in assisting their building populations (Griffin & Farris, 2010; Grimes et al., 2013). Coordinating resources and generating ideas through effective...

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in the Schools: A Tiered Prevention Approach for Reducing Social Contagion

December 29, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Rates of nonsuicidal self-injury have been increasing among youth and young adult populations. In schools, this is a concern generally; however, an increasing concern is how nonsuicidal self-injury can spread among youth through social contagion. This means that when one...

School Counselors' Roles in RAMP and PBIS a Phenomenological Investigation (Part Two)

December 29, 2017 Practitioner Summary

School counselors’ roles facilitating a comprehensive school counseling program (CSCP), such as the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model (ASCA, 2012) can include myriad related responsibilities, such as contributing to their school’s positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) (ASCA,...

RAMP and PBIS: “They Definitely Support One Another”: The Results of a Phenomenological Study (Part One)

December 29, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Scholars have explored the impact of comprehensive school counseling programs (CSCP), including those which garnered RAMP (Recognized American School Counselor Association [ASCA] Model Program) designation, on student outcomes. Similarly, a surfeit of empirical examinations of positive behavioral interventions and supports...

Promoting Mental Health Literacy through Bibliotherapy in School-Based Settings

December 29, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Approximately 20% of children have or have had a diagnosable mental health disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2010). Although school counselors are equipped to recognize and respond to the need for mental health and behavioral prevention (American School Counselor,...

Social Capital and College-Going Culture in High Schools: The Effects of College Expectations and College Talk on Students' Postsecondary Attendance

December 29, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Across the country, the vast majority of high school students aspire to attend college; however, not all of these students enroll. Indeed, many students who plan to attend college have limited college information, tools, and resources. Literature on the college...

Examining the Relationship Between Self-Esteem, Mattering, School Connectedness, and Wellness Among Middle School Students

November 1, 2017 Practitioner Summary

In this study, data were collected from 254 middle grades (5-8) students enrolled in a rural southern school district to determine the influence variables such as self-esteem, mattering, and school connectedness have on these students’ perceived sense of overall wellness....

Beyond School Records: The Value of Cognitive and Affective Engagement in Predicting Dropout and On-Time Graduation

November 1, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Growing attention toward on-time graduation and college/career readiness in recent years has resulted in increased efforts to identify and intervene as soon as possible with students who are falling off track. To identify students who need intervention and monitoring, counselors...

The Elementary School Counselor's Voice in Counseling Transracially Adopted Students

October 5, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The researchers set out to understand how elementary school counselors are providing culturally sensitive school-based services to students who are adopted transracially (SATr). Since little is known about this population in the elementary school setting from the perspective of the...

Student Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: A Protocol for School Counselors

October 3, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Self-injury is seemingly an increasing phenomenon, and school counselors are more frequently called upon to address self-injury related behaviors. Despite a need to systemically address student self-injury, only a minority of school counseling programs have a self-injury policy in place....

Effect of a Specialized Classroom Counseling Intervention on Increasing Self-Efficacy Among First-Grade Rural Students

September 20, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Elementary school counselors have the opportunity to use interventions and activities that optimize the distinct academic, career, and personal-social developmental needs of their students at the outset of their academic endeavors. Promoting and assessing self-efficacy and its facets is a...

Revealing School Counselors' Perspectives on Using Physical Activity and Consulting with Coaches

September 15, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Revealing School Counselors' Perspectives on Using Physical Activity and Consulting with Coaches (Featured Research) This study reveals school counselors’ perspectives on using physical activity and a consultative process with coaches to provide school-based support for youth. Emerging from this exploration is...

Gender and Ethnic Bias in Letters of Recommendation: Considerations for School Counselors

August 2, 2017 Practitioner Summary

School counselors write letters of recommendation for students pursuing postsecondary education and help teachers and staff prepare for this task. Although letters of recommendation may impact admission and scholarships opportunities, research about equity and bias in letters is minimal as...

Evaluation of a Brief, School-Based Bullying Bystander Intervention for Elementary Students

July 14, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The purpose of this study was to extend the literature by evaluating a brief, school-based bystander program in an elementary school setting. Students participating in the STAC program, which stands for “stealing the show,” “turning it over,” “accompanying others,” and...

An Examination of Factors that Relate to School Counselors' Knowledge and Skills in Multi-Tiered Systems of Support

July 13, 2017 Practitioner Summary

The results of this study confirm that a beneficial relationship exists between American School Counselor (ASCA) aligned activities and Multi-tiered Systems of Support (MTSS). Results indicate that more time spent on ASCA aligned activities predicted more knowledge and skills of...

Advocacy Competency of School Counselors: An Exploratory Factor Analysis

July 12, 2017 Practitioner Summary

  As students with marginalized identities diversify the United States, school counselors face more challenges requiring their advocacy efforts. Using social justice and advocacy research as a guide, the researchers purport that students in k-12 settings who are experiencing marginalization need...

Data and Research that Matter: Four Action Research Studies from the Field

January 17, 2017 Practitioner Summary

Data and research serve as powerful advocacy tools in highlighting the effectiveness of school counselors and school counseling programs. However, effective interventions are only known in the field if school counselors make efforts to share, present and publish their work....